Nowadays every IT company requires someone who has a solid grasp of top programming languages. If you want a great career ahead in IT Field then you will have to master at least one programming language. But the toughest part is where to begin and which programming language have to choose. There are hundreds of programming languages available, where everyone has its own complexities and idiosyncrasies. That’s why we have shortlisted the list of the best programming languages to learn according to their industrial demand, popularity, benefits, and their use cases including web development, app development, game development, etc.
Although it is primarily a Front end language that runs on the browser, it can also be used on the server-side through Node.js to build scalable applications. It is compatible with Linux, SunOS, Mac OS X, and Windows. It has a forgiving, flexible syntax and works across all major browsers, that’s why it said to be one of the friendliest programming languages for beginners.
Python was created by Guido van Rossum in the year 1991. Python is known for its most friendly, easy to learn, and versatile nature. It’s often said that Python’s syntax is clear, intuitive, and almost English-like, which, like Java, makes it a popular choice for beginners. Like Java, It has a variety of applications that make it a versatile, powerful option when choosing the best programming language for your use case. If you are a back-end-developer then the open-source Django framework, written in Python can be a good option for it, which is popular for its easy to learn and rich features. It also has packages such as NumPy and SciPy that are commonly used in the fields of mathematics, scientific computing, and engineering.
Java is celebrating its 25th birthday this year and has been one of the most popular programming languages used for developing server-side applications. It is used to create highly functional programs and platforms.Java is easier to learn in comparison to languages such as C and C++. Around 90 percent of Fortune 500 firms rely on Java for their desktop applications and backend development projects. This makes it one of the best programming languages to learn in 2021.
Android has announced Kotlin as its first language. It offers features that developers ask for and effortlessly combines object-oriented and functional programming features within it. With type-interface, it is a general-purpose programming language. Its effortless interoperation between Java and Kotlin makes Android development faster and enjoyable. Due to the major issues that surfaced in Java which was addressed by Kotlin, several Java apps are rewritten in Kotlin. Many brands like Coursera and Pinterest have already moved to Kotlin due to strong tooling support.
It is an easy-to-learn, open-source, and good language for Android app development that removes any adoption-related barriers. You can use it for Android development, desktop development, web development, and server-side development.
If you’re interested in Apple products and IOS app development, Swift is a good language to begin your journey in it. Swift was created by Apple in 2014. It is a relatively new programming language used to develop iOS and macOS applications. It has been optimized in such a way that it can meet the performance required in modern iOS Devices because iOS does not only runs on Phone and iPad, but it’s also the basis for other operating systems such as watchOS (for Apple Watches) and tvOS (for Apple TVs). According to a survey, the top 110 apps on the app store showed that 42 percent of apps are already using Swift.
C# was created by Microsoft in the year 2000. Like C++, C# is a general-purpose and object-oriented language that is built on the foundations of C. C# was originally designed by Microsoft as part of its .NET framework for building Windows applications. It uses a syntax that’s similar to other C-derived languages such as C++.C# is not only used for Microsoft app development, but it’s also the language mobile developers use to build cross-platform apps on the Xamarin platform.
Go is a fast-growing programming language that was created by Google in 2009. It is a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. Go blends the best aspects of functional programming and object-oriented styles. It can be replaced with languages like Java and C++. A survey by Stack Overflow reveals that it is the 5th most loved language among developers today.
If you are familiar with Java which is a classic programming language you should check its modern cousin, Scala. It combines the best features of Java (such as its Object-Oriented Structure and its lightning-fast JVM runtime environment) with a modern twist. It allows for concurrent programming, allowing complex procedures to be executed in parallel. It helps engineers to create and customize their own data types, allowing them to have the peace of mind knowing entire swaths of bugs are impossible at runtime.